Depending on where you live, the opportunity for winter photography will be an everyday occurrence during the winter months, one of those opportunities you only have on a skiing vacation, or something in between.
If you do happen to live in a location where you're guaranteed a lot of snow each winter, you can shoot great winter photographs with your DSLR camera by just following a few simple tips. Read on for my guide on how to get perfect snow photos!
Snow Photography Preparation Tips
Photographing objects in snow has a lot of challenges, some of which you cannot prepare for ahead of time. After all, winter weather can be extremely unpredictable. So it's important that you take the time to prepare for those items that you know you're sure to encounter, such as the three following situations:
- The warm golden light at dawn, combined with the cold blue tones of snow, give magical effects. (Alternatively, you could shoot at sunset for similarly dramatic images.) Plus, the snow will be relatively untouched by footprints if you get up early!
- Dress warmly and wear waterproof clothes. This may sound obvious, but you'll be amazed by how quickly you lose heat in snowy conditions. Buy "shooting gloves" (which double up as mittens and fingerless gloves) and don't forget a hat.
- Make sure your camera's batteries are all fully charged and keep your camera in a camera bag while moving around, so that it doesn't get too cold. When you get home, try to put your camera in the coolest part of the house and let it warm back up gradually to avoid condensation. You could invest in some silica bags if temperature difference is a real problem.
Use the Correct Exposures
Your camera will want to make everything mid-toned, and this can lead to problems when shooting snow. Brilliant white snow confuses your camera, and it can lead to under-exposed shots ... and snow that looks gray in the final image. You'll need to help your camera out in one of these three ways.
- First, frame your shot and focus. Then zoom in to a bright area of snow in the scene. Using your exposure compensation button, dial in a value between +2/3 to +1 2/3 EV, depending on the brightness of the snow. Take a meter reading, remember the settings, switch to manual, and dial in the new shutter speed and aperture. This overexposure will ensure that the snow looks white, but it won't blow out other objects in the photo.
- If any mid-tone objects (such as a gray rock or building) are visible in the scene, take a meter reading off these. Setting your camera to these settings will then help it to render the snow correctly. You may have to dial in a little negative compensation (such as -1/3 EV) to stop the highlights in the snow from being blown out.
- Alternatively, you can just use your camera's histogram to correct exposure. Take a test shot and check the histogram. If it is slightly "humped" in the middle, then just dial in a little positive compensation to add brightness. If the graph appears to fall off in the right hand edge, then just dial in a little negative compensation to stop blown out highlights.
Dealing With Reflections
- Using a lens hood when shooting photographs in snow is vital. The flare caused by snow can make photos look very hazy.
- For much the same reason, you should avoid using flash, as it can bounce off the snow and cause overexposure. If it's actually snowing while you're shooting, the flash likely will turn snowflakes into distracting balls of overexposed light.
- Stark white skies and snow covered objects can look very eerie, particularly if you shoot them in black and white, so be creative with your snow photography.
- Look for interesting contrasts in colors. Red objects photographed against white snow always look very strong, but frame your photos carefully in this situation.
- Less is often more, so don't try to cram everything into one shot. Look for interesting trees, buildings, and other objects -- then zoom in! Clean objects framed against a white background make for strong images.
- Use RAW format, so that you can easily make any tweaks needed in post-production.
- The low light of the winter months can cast long shadows on the ground, which are particularly stark in the snow. Use the shadows to lead the viewer into the image. (But make sure that your own shadow isn't visible in the final shot!)
Experiment with Shutter Speeds
- Use a tripod and a slow shutter speed when it's snowing to cause a "streaking" effect in the image. This can look very creative!
- If the snow is blowing around in strong winds, though, you'll need to use a much faster shutter speed.
- If there's no wind at all, you'll probably need a slow shutter speed of around 1/15th of a second.
- Use a slower shutter speed to capture variants in the light, particularly at sunrise or sunset.