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Digital Camera Glossary

Shopping for a digital camera is much easier when you understand all of the related terminology. Consult this glossary to avoid being confused by jargon and lingo from salespeople.

16:9 Ratio

3:2 Ratio

35mm Equivalent

35mm Slides

4:3 Ratio

Accessories

AF-Lock, AE-Lock, and FE-Lock

Aperture

AMOLED

Art Filters

Auto Bracketing

Autofocus

Automatic Exposure (AE)

Automatic Mode

AVCHD Lite

Barrel Lens Distortion

Battery

Bits

Burst Mode

Camera Body

Cameraphone

CCD (Charge Coupled Device)

CMOS Sensor

Circle of Confusion

CompactFlash (CF)

Continuous Shot Mode

Conversion Lenses

Depth of Field

Digicam

Digital IS

Digital Photo Frame

Digital Slide Scanner

Digital Zoom

DIL (Digital Interchangeable Lens) Camera

DSLR (Digital Single-Lens Reflex)

Dual Camera

Dual IS

Effective Resolution

Electronic Viewfinder (EVF)

EVIL (Electronic Viewfinder Interchangeable Lens) Camera

EXIF Data

Exposure Metering

External Flash

F-stop

File Formats

Film Camera

Fill Factor

FireWire

Firmware

Fixed Lens Camera

Flash

Flash Memory

Flip LCD

Focal Length

Focal Length Multiplier

Focus Lock

Four Thirds System

Frames Per Second (fps)
The digital camera glossary defines frames per second, or fps, as the number of frames the camera can record in one second, either in still image continuous shooting mode or in movie mode.

Gamma

GB (Gigabyte)

Geotagging

HD (High Definition) Video

HDMI

Hot Shoe

Image Editing Software

Image Quality

Image Sensor

Image Stabilization (IS)

Interchangeable Lenses

ISO

JPEG

KB (Kilobyte)

Landscape Mode

LCD (Liquid Crystal Display)

Li-Ion Camera Batteries

Macro DSLR Photography

Macro Mode

Manual Controls

MB (Megabyte)

Medium Format Camera
The digital camera glossary defines a medium format camera as a type of camera that uses a larger image sensor or larger film than most DSLRs or point and shoot cameras.

Megapixel (MP)

Memory Card

Memory Stick (MS)

Menu Structure

Movie Mode

MultiMedia Card (MMC)

Negative

Noise

Optical IS

Optical Viewfinder

Optical Zoom

Panorama Mode

Photo Printer

PictBridge

Picture Angle

Pincushion Distortion

Pixel

Point and Shoot

Portrait Mode

Power Adapter

Processor

RAW

Redeye

Resolution

Response Times

Rule of Thirds

Scene Modes

Secure Digital (SD)

Secure Digital eXtended Capacity (SDXC)

Secure Digital High Capacity (SDHC)

Self Timer

Remote Capture

Sensor Linearity

Shooting Modes

Shot to Shot Delay

Shutter

Shutter Lag

Shutter Speed

SmartMedia

Software

Specifications

Startup Time

TB (Terabyte)

Telephoto

TIFF

Touch Screen

Ultra Compact

Underwater Photography

USB

Viewfinder

Vignetting

White Balance

Wide Angle

xD-Picture Card (xD)

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